Dance has its origin from the era of cave paintings as some paintings were found within the caves depicting dance postures. Since then it has never stopped growing. Earlier people use to have social gatherings where they were seen dancing and enjoying. Dance has its language to express emotions and thoughts and Indian dances differ from state to state. Nowadays, none of the social meetings or functions is completed without dance. It is stress relieving and an amazing way to distract one’s mood.
Tamil Nadu in the south, is considered as the origin for this dance form. This is a dance form where one focuses on hands and legs movements, facial expression, and also the postures. Lord Shiva is considered as the God of Bharatnatyam. This form remained exclusive to Hindu temples through the 19th century. This form when performed by a dancer is the most relieving to the eyes as it has good music and expressions.
People do get confused in these two dance forms, Bharatnatyam and Kathak. But the origin is different and also the way it is performed. Kathak has its origin in the north part of India. It mainly focuses on the movement of the ankle as it is the unique feature of this dance form. Even today many girls and boys are seen learning Kathak as they like the way it is performed and its expression.
Artist performing this form of dance are generally seen with green paints around their face. They wear traditional face masks and costumes that are heavy. This form is originated in Kerala, South India. Soppanam is its music which has only vocals. Kathakali dance form is very fascinating to watch as it has many colours attached to it. Artist performing also has good expression sense which adds cherry to the cake. It is said that this form of dance relates to storytelling.
Raslila is one of the most famous dance forms in India. Under the term Manipuri, there are many different dance forms from that region. It belongs to the Northside of India. It is said that this dance is performed to narrate the romance between Radha and Lord Krishna. Music has the beats which are produced by playing Indian classical instruments. Jagoi is another name for Manipuri dance form.
Moving on to the other dance forms, Kuchipudi originated in Andhra Pradesh. It was initially performed by male dancers only. Nowadays, it is performed by female dancers as well. This form is a bit different from others, as it needs both singing and dancing skill in the artist. A female dancer when performing this dance wears sari and light make-up.
The name itself indicates that the dance form has some connection from the state of Odisha in the Eastern part of India. It depicts some of the moves as the sculptures in caves. This dance is considered as one of the oldest surviving dance forms. The music is in the form of Hindi poems. It is said that this dance form includes hand gestures, said mudras in dancing language.
It originated in Punjab but is performed by people in other regions too. It is a very energetic and graceful form of dance. People who perform gidda are seen wearing colourful dresses, especially green and pink colour. Female performers also put Parandas onto their long hair which adds to the captivating feature.
There are none of the things used to perform all the above dance forms, but here playing Garba use of sticks is done and they are also decorative and colourful. The form has its origin from Gujarat and is dedicated to Goddess Durga. Once in every year this dance form is performed 9 days and it is called as Navratri and especially females wear their traditional attire with the jewellery over it and some colourful dupattas too.
Ghoomar is one of the folk dances of Rajasthan, and this form is mostly performed on every social gathering of regional people. The dressing of the artist is heavy costumes with traditional jewellery. The performers go in circular movements with some variations in hand movements.
The regional dance form of Maharashtra, and is one of the graceful dance. Artists wear a sari and golden jewellery as this is the patent one followed since ages. It always carries a message related to politics, romance, society. Now, this regional form of dance is also seen performing on-screen on National Television in dance reality shows. This form is performed on dholak beats.
These are some most famous regional Indian dance forms which are still surviving and initially were performed with some motto but now are also seen on National Television. Dance can be a way to communicate to masses too, as it has the power to depict the message and changes that need to bring in.