Indian textile art is as massive as the ocean. Since every region of the country has already been developing its fabric prints and designing patterns for numerous generations, these crafts were also no less than breezy, dazzling and magnificent rivers that blend into one of the broadest and successful cultures and heritage of the period.
All of the Indian designs are universally appealing, and you may have viewed them in your dresses or other attire, or on carpeting, or elsewhere, at least once.
So, take some time to gain insight into India’s culture in fabric crafts and discover what you’ve been wearing!
This design uses patterns in bold colors such as black, crimson red, yellow, indigo blue (blue and red are the most prevalent and recognizable colors of this print) and green.
It has patterns worked through white (unprinted) and black, typically as a pattern – white and black – that characterize the style. It features a block printing technique.
Typically several shades are used in the same cloth, with several different styles of designs, mostly border prints.
As many as 20-30 distinctive steps could be included in making the Ajrakh designed fabric – a labor-intensive manufacturing technique.
Bagh Pattern is a classical handmade block design with natural colors, popular Indian carving performed in Bagh, Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh, India.
The name comes from the villages of Bagh on the shores of the Bagh Canal.
The printing phase is carried out in a wooden tray popularly known as Paliya, which is composed of bamboo lattice and covered with black or red paste.
The sewing and hand block designing process of abstract patterns, the innovative utilization of red and black natural colors as well as the use of chemical qualities of the river, and the successful use of colors resulting in Bagh Pattern in a special art style.
It is a designing pattern created by a form of tie and dye strategy that generates tiny dots around the whole fabric.
The cloth is tightly bound across several places with grains in it – these are dipped in quite a dye solution, the shades are lighter first then the shades are darker later.
Bright colors such as green, purple, red, magenta, yellow can be used. Small dots, diamonds, circles, and many other patterns are made this way. Certain tying methods include Mothra, Ekdali, and Shikari, based on the way the fabric is bound.
Final goods are known by several names, namely Khombi, Ghar Chola, Patori, and Chandrokhani. Bandhani is often recognized as Bandhej Saree, Bandhni, Piliya, and Chungidi in Tamil as well as in the nearby dialects.
Kutch is popular in India for its bandhani.
Dabu is a traditional art as well as an elaborate method in a special manner of textile dyeing, resulting in extraordinary printed fabrics of unique appeal.
This mud-resistant hand-block printing has been mostly performed in the state of Rajasthan, India.
The look of these textiles is unique for both the brilliant floral and thematic styles in sharp and skillfully crafted prints of vibrant and well-chosen shades and designs that have left modern pundits dumbstruck.
The best moment of the design is the use of organic colors and vegetable pastes that are fast, eco-friendly, skin-friendly, and retain their excellence for much of the fabric’s lifespan.
Batik is a method of designing the fabric by coating a portion of it with a wax paste and then staining the fabric.
The waxed parts maintain their original look, and once the wax is removed, the difference between both the painted and the undyed parts brings the pattern.
One of the key aspects of this design is that it is really basic and can be achieved by anybody. Batik designed Kurtis, saris, and wrappers are indeed the preferred choice for the trend-obsessed populace.
Batik’s colors are often more wear-resistant than any dyed or printed cloth because the cotton is fully soaked in dye and the parts not covered by the resistance are free to absorb colors to the degree that the shades do not vanish quickly.
Seyali Bagru is a traditional designing method followed throughout the Indian state of Rajasthan.
It creates dark-colored designs (red, black, and occasionally blue) on a colored or cream/yellow ocher backdrop that are all obtained from natural dye textile materials.
Natural themes are intermixed with abstract shapes in this interesting Indian design. Vegetable colors are being used in the method.
Warli paintings are considered to be one of the ancient art forms in art. It is a type of tribal art that owes its roots to the state of Maharashtra in India.
The intricately patterned shapes of flowers, marriage rituals, poaching scenes as well as other daily activities are popular with fashion designers and home decor brands.
Historically, this picture is made on a red ochre backdrop with white paint so these are the just two colors included. Nowadays, however, a variety of colors have been used to recreate these creative motifs on textiles, home decors, or several other forms of art.
Kantha is a typical fabric craft art in the east zone of India, particularly Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, and Odisha.
Kantha saris are typically worn by women in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent.
Nowadays, embroidery is stitched, popularly known as ‘Kantha stitched,’ sari, a kurta (or Panjabi) and churidarand many other clothes, and has gained prominence owing to their artistic appeal and crafted characteristics.
In certain situations, the whole fabric is lined with moving stitches, using beautiful patterns of flowers, birds, and geometric forms, as well as scenes from daily activities.
The stitching on the fabric provides the cloth a little wrinkled, frizzy effect.
Ikat is a dyeing method used to pattern fabrics, which is used to avoid dye on yarns even before dyeing and weaving the cloth.
In it, resistance is created by the binding of personal yarns or bundles of yarns with a stiff wrapping implemented to the desired pattern. The fabrics will then be dyed.
The ties can then be modified to make a new style and the yarns can be colored with another pigment again.
This cycle can be repeated several times to make complex, multicolored designs. When the staining is done, all the knots are cut and the yarns are sent to get woven.
The obvious “blurriness” of the pattern is a hallmark of ikat textiles.
Kalamkari is a sort of block-printed or hand-painted cotton fabric that is created in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Only organic dyes are used in Kalamkari and the designing includes twenty-three steps.
There have been two distinct styles of kalamkari pattern in India-Srikalahasti style and Machilipatnam style. The Kalamkari style of the Srikalahasti, the “kalam” or pen, is often used for freehand drawing and color filling, is completely hand-worked.
This style blossomed around the temples and their prestige, and thus it had an almost cultural identity – scrolls, monastery hangings, wagon flags, and even some, gods and characters captured from the Hindu epics and mythological classics.
Khari pattern is a printing process that used a paste that is pushed into a metal container with quite a specific pattern cutting out of its middle, creating an imprint on the surface of the type.
It is a technique that is used to place either metallic or white direct printing either on an already block fabric producing a focus or as a separate process to create a design by itself.
It is a highly experienced and labor-intensive method with only a tiny pattern generated from each impression.
Leheriya is a classical tie-dye method practiced in Rajasthan, leading in vibrant colors cloth with various patterns. The method is named after the Rajasthani term for wave, as its dyeing method is mostly used to make various wave patterns.
Leheriya is made on thin cotton or silk fabric, typically in lengths suitable for dupatta, turbans, or saris. The cloth is rolled diagonally through one edge to the opposite end, then bound and dyed at the required intervals.
Wave patterns are the result of fan-like folds produced before dyeing.
Traditional leheriya seems to be using natural dyes and several washes and uses indigo or alizarin mostly during the last stage of preparation.
Paisley is an ornamental design consisting of curved teardrop shapes. Also, it is known as buta or both and is thought to have come in Persia.
Maybe it just was hand-printed or embossed on fabrics, and you can still find all sorts of paisley sewn with gold and silver threads on wedding attire.
The design is sometimes called “Persian pickles”
In terms of fashion, this iconic pattern could be seen on male ties, shirts, dresses, pants, skirts, bandanas, and much more.
Patola is a dual ikat woven designing pattern, usually made of silk, made in Patan, Gujarat. The word patola is plural; the singular is patolu.
It is very pricey, once chosen to wear only by princely and upper-class families. Four different patterns are stitched primarily by the Salvi society in Gujarat.
Double ikat with full patterns of parrots, flowers, elephants, and dance projections are normally used. Geometric shapes and flower structures are typical, mostly worn for wedding ceremonies and other special events.
Saris are woven with only a plain, dark-colored border and body, and a bird design called Nari Kunj is also a pattern of Patola printing.
Pochampally Ikat is an attire designing art that was created in Bhoodan Pochampally, a district in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri, Telangana. They have traditional geometric designs in the Ikat dying style. Intricate geometric patterns make their way into sarees and dress fabrics.
Air India, an Indian government carrier, has its cabin crew wearing specially made Pochampally silk sarees.
The beauty of Pochampally lies in the smoothness and tidiness with which the design can be drawn to the cloth. This uses double ikat and assures of moving the intricate pattern to the cloth with nothing short of brilliance.
The color of the cloth is produced from natural sources.
Sanganeri is a hand-held designing technique arising from Sanganer, a village in the southern part of Jaipur, Rajasthan. Apart from Sanganer, there are many other villages like Bagru, Akola, Barmer, and Jodhpur that are renowned for block printing.
There is a wide range of styles and designs used in printing, with all sorts of flower themes, the primary ones being sunflower, roses, and narcissus.
Besides flower petals, designs depicting various divine beings, fruit, and folk episodes are also trendy. Curves as well as patterns mainly depict the cultural fauna and flora of Sanganer.
At one point, such designs were found on kurtas or sarees, and now with the modern change of style and fashion, block-printing can also be observed on skirts, scarves, and dresses.
The weaving tradition of Chanderi began to emerge between the borders of two-state cultural regions, Malwa and Bundelkhand.
The folks of the Vindhyachal range have a vast array of traditions. The Chanderi sarees are made of three sorts of fabric: pure silk, Chanderi cotton, and silk cotton.
Traditional coins, flowering art, peacocks, and geometrical patterns are stitched into different patterns of Chanderi.
The saris are one of the finest in India and thus are known for their silver and gold lace or zari, fine silk, and lavish embroideries.
Chikan is a popular style of embroidery from Lucknow, India. Chikan started as a form of white-on-white (or white) embroidery. The technique of creating a chikan work is recognized as chikankari.
Chikan is an elegant and artfully made hand embroidery on several woven materials, such as muslin, silk, chiffon, organza, net, etc. White thread is embossed on cool, pastel shades of light muslin and cotton clothing.
Nowadays, chikan stitching is also made with colored and silk threads in colors to fulfill the latest fashions and keep chikankari up-to-date. It is usually made of 32 stitches.
The part starts with one or more pattern blocks which are used to limit the design on the ground textile. The embroiderer needles the pattern, and the final piece is cautiously washed to remove the rest of the printed pattern.