You might have come across a lot of people in your life who have different kinds of allergies. And sometimes you would have wondered whether certain types of allergies existed? So in this article, we are going to see the different types of allergies present.
First, let us learn what an allergy is.
Our immune system is generally known to protect us from foreign substances that are harmful to our bodies. But sometimes the immune system gives hypersensitivity reactions to the substances that are not dangerous. So this is what we call an allergy.
Our body reacts violently to certain substances, which does not create any reaction to non-allergic people. This hypersensitivity that is the allergic reaction occurs in the skin, respiratory tract, or the gastrointestinal system. And the substances that can trigger allergies are called allergens. There are different kinds in them like pollens, dust mites, metals, and much more.
Some common symptoms of allergy are
- Runny nose
- Breathing difficulties
- Irritated skin
- Stomach ache
Now let’s see the types of allergies in detail.
This is the most common type of allergy which is caused in the human body. Some kinds of medicine like antibiotics, penicillin, etc do not go well with the human body and some might have unexpected side effects. So when your body does not tolerate certain medicine, it can be said as an allergy.
People with this allergy suffer from rashes and itching, and it starts to spread throughout the body. So they are advised to stop the medicine and consult a doctor immediately.
Dust mite allergy
Dust mites are small microscopic creatures which do not bite humans but it causes skin rashes, sneezing, running nose, headache, etc, Many people are prone to this allergy and since it is not visible to naked eyes you cannot figure it out where it is, but it is everywhere.
So if you are allergic to this, then you are advised to keep your surroundings, especially your bedroom clean and if the allergy is severe, then consult the doctor and take medications. This tiny creature is particularly active in the autumn season.
Pet animal allergy
We human beings love pet animals and they are a part of our family but some people hate them. The significant reason why these people avoid pet animals is that they are allergic to them. The symptoms of pet animal allergy are similar to dust mite allergy.
The allergens here are the urine, saliva, tiny hairs of the pet animals, etc. When people inhale or get contact with these allergens they cause problems. It is said that the allergic symptoms begin within half an hour being around the animal. So it is best you avoid being around with pet animals.
Raise your hand if you are allergic to some kinds of food. Some well-known ingredients that can cause allergic reactions are spices, peanuts, tree nuts, cow’s milk, some kinds of fishes, fruits, and vegetables. Sometimes people mistake their food intolerance like digestion problems for food allergy. So, analyze your food habits and try to differentiate whether you are allergic or just have other problems with food.
If some food component is causing an allergic reaction to your body then it is better you avoid eating it.
Insect venom allergy
A string from honey bees or other venomous insects causes allergy in almost every person. When you are allergic to insect venom, then red itchy bumps are likely to develop all over your body and sometimes lips and eyes swell. Some people even vomit or develop severe diarrhea. These are some of the common symptoms.
Some people’s bodies react extremely to insect venom, and it is so intense that it causes death sometimes. So consult a doctor immediately if you are allergic to insect bites and get proper medication.
Hay fever allergy
A striking number of people suffer from this allergy. Hay fever is an inhalation allergy and the main allergens here are the pollen grains from grasses, trees, or herb plants. The symptoms for this allergy include stuffy nose, coughing, watery and burning eyes, itching, and sometimes asthmatic complaints.
Pollen grains are in the air especially during spring seasons. But the good news is that you can easily treat this allergy.
This allergy refers to the number of conditions where an itchy red rash occurs in some people when their skin is exposed to sunlight. This allergy is common with people who have lighter skin. The main causes are certain chemicals or medical conditions of the skin that can make it more sensitive to the sun.
The common symptoms of sun allergy are scaling, blisters, redness, pain or tiny bumps that may merge into patches in the area which is exposed to sun.
The natural latex which is found in balloons, rubber bands, bath toys, erasers, gloves, and in footwear can lead to a latex allergy. People who are allergic to this latex are more likely to have a latex allergy within minutes after exposure to the latex-containing products.
The symptoms include itching, stuffy or runny nose and it can also cause asthma symptoms like wheezing, difficulty in breathing, and tightness in the chest.
Contact allergy occurs in people when the allergen comes in contact with the skin. These allergens cause a red, itchy rash on the skin. These rashes are not contagious or life-threatening but you will feel very uncomfortable. The allergens which cause this allergy include cosmetics, fragrances, plants, and even jewelry items.
Mold allergies are not life-threatening but it can make you very uncomfortable and impact your daily life. The allergen of this type of allergy is the mold spore which can make its way into the air and easily get through your nose. Thus causing mold allergy.
The mold is a type of fungus that grows in moisture both indoors and outdoors. Once it enters your nose it starts growing and causes allergic reactions. You need to prevent moisture from building up in your house and while working outdoors wear a mask to prevent this allergy.
When an individual is exposed to the feces, saliva, and shedding parts of cockroaches, then he/she can trigger an allergic reaction to it. This is called a cockroach allergy. The proteins found in feces, the saliva of cockroaches, mainly cause allergic reactions in humans. And it can spread throughout the house through air and dust.
Eye allergy is also called as ocular allergy or allergic conjunctivitis.
The conjunctiva is a delicate membrane covering the eye and inside of the eyelid. When some allergens irritate the conjunctiva, eye allergy occurs. Naturally, when an allergen causes an allergy reaction in the eyes, then the eyes produce a substance called histamine to fight the allergen. So, as a result, your eyes would become swollen, red, and itchy. The good news is that conjunctivitis does not spread from person to another.
All the types mentioned above of allergies are likely to affect your skin. Any allergens which cause or trigger allergic reactions to your skin are called skin allergy. This causes bumpy, red, scaly, itchy, or swollen skin.
So this was all about the different types of allergies caused in the human body. A simple tip is that, if you find something is causing allergic reactions to your body you can simply avoid it.