Types of Indian Armed Forces (Indian Army)

There is a saying that “There is no way to peace, peace is the way”. But only few know the price one pays to enjoy peace, freedom that we have now, only few know what all it took to maintain peace in the country like ours. India is the country that is known for its “Unity and Diversity” from Kashmir to Kanyakumari we are very much different yet the same that’s the beauty of our nation our motherland. To maintain the peace and prosperity in the nation so that everyone can live peacefully with their near and dear ones there is a large group of people who are 24 X 7 present for our security away from their kith and kins. They are the real strength of our nation we call them “INDIAN ARMED FORCES”. The forces who are always there for us be it for the complain of theft to a terrorist attack or the war from the neighboring countries they are their always like a rock to protect us from the miscreants of the society.

Many of them have led their life in this process of protecting us. We enjoy this freedom not because we have earned it but because we have inherited this from our forefathers and had to protect it for our generations to come.   To join the forces there are various exams that one has to give like: NDA, CDS, AFCAT etc. after clearing the written exam one has to go through the SSB as well which is a tough nut to crack. After clearing both one joins different academies like: National Defence Academy [Khadakwasala], IMA, OTA (Chennai), INA etc. So let’s have a look at the forces that knowingly or unknowingly play an important part in our life without expecting anything in return from us.

It is one of the main forces of the Indian Armed Forces. It is a land based branch. It is professionally lead by a four-star general known as Chief of Army Staff. Presently led by General Manoj Mukund Narwane PVSM, AVSM, SM, VSM, ADC. The roots of its origin can be seen from the time of East India Company which was under British but after the independence merged and came to be known as Indian Army. Indian Army has a vast history of courage and valor. Its headquarters is located in New Delhi. The motto of Indian Army is “Service Before Self”. The main mission is to maintain nation’s security and peace within its borders. They not only serves at the borders but also perform humanitarian activities like rescue operations in natural calamities or pandemic. They have participated majorly in five wars with the neighboring countries, four with Pakistan and one with China. The Indian Army is divided into seven commands according to the geographical terrain. Women officers are also present in the army except in the Infantry Unit. Our Indian Army is the largest standing army in the world.  It was founded on 1st April 1895.Every year Army Day is celebrated on 15 January.

Indian Airforce

The forces main aim is to secure the country in airspace and carryout aerial war in case of conflicts. It was also established in the British era and was honored for their help in World War II. It is professionally lead by a four-star air marshal known as Chief of Air Staff. Presently led by Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria, PVSM, AVSM, VM, ADC. The five-star rank officer of IAF is Marshal of the Air Force “Arjan Singh “conferred on 26 January 2002 by President of India. He is first and so far the only five-star rank officer in IAF. The motto of Indian Air Force is “Touch the sky with glory”. IAF has participated in four wars with neighboring countries Pakistan and China. IAF is also divided into seven commands out of which five are operational commands and the two are functional commands. IAF not only participate in wars but also in rescue operations in time of need. There is a special unit of IAF known as “Garud Commando” established in 2004. They are specially trained in various institutes for combats. Earlier Women officers were inducted in IAF but not as fighter pilots but in the year 2016 three women officers were inducted as first ever batch of women fighter pilots namely: Flight Lieutenant Avni Chaturvedi, Flight Lieutenant Bhawna Kanth and Flight Lieutenant Mohana Singh. Our Indian Air Force is the fourth largest air force in the world. It was established on 8th October 1932 and every year this day is celebrated as Air Force Day.

Indian Navy

This forces main aim is to secure the country from any naval intrusion from the neighboring countries. The roots of Indian Navy can be traced back to the East India Company’s Marine in 1612 which was used to protect their shipping. When India got Independence they were named as Indian Navy earlier they were known as Royal Indian Navy. It is professionally lead by a four-star admiral known as Chief of Naval Staff. Presently led by Admiral Karambir Singh, PVSM, AVSM.  The motto of Indian Navy is “May the lord of water be auspicious unto us.” It is divided into three operational commands. It was founded in the year 1612 and every year on 4 December Navy Day is celebrated with pomp and show.


This stands for Border Security Forces. As the name suggests they are the first line of forces that guard our borders. It comes under the Central Armed Police Forces [CAPF]. This is one of the paramilitary forces which guards the border during peace and prevent any intrusion of miscreants from the other side of the border. They are under the control of Ministry of Home Affairs. The BSF is headed by Director-General. Presently headed by Director-General V.K.Johri. Its motto is “Duty Unto Death”. It was founded on 1 December 1965. For long BSF was considered only for men but recently they got their first batch of women personnel guarding the border at various places. Now they have started inducting women officers as well. BSF has participated in wars as well like in 1971 in INDO-PAK war and in famous battle of Longewala. Famous Wagah Border Flag Lowering Ceremony is conducted between BSF and Pakistan Rangers from both the sides. It is world’s largest border guarding force.


This stands for Central Reserve Police Force. It also under the control of Ministry of Home Affairs. Its main role is to guard the borders of states and union territories and maintain law and order. It is the largest force under the Central Armed Police Forces [CAPF]. They have also played a major role in Elections. It was CRPF personnel who killed all the five terrorists who attacked the Indian Parliament in the year 2001. To fight Naxalites in the country COBRA commando’s wing was introduced in the year 2008. It is currently headed by Director General is Dr. A.P. Maheshwari. Every Day on 28 December CRPF Day is celebrated.


This stands for Indo-Tibetan Border Police. Their main function is to be vigilant on northern borders, check on illegal migrants, trafficking and smuggling. They are mountain terrain trained soldiers, they are trained in Disaster Management, Medical camp, Nuclear, chemical or Biological disasters. They are also deployed to various nationals under UN peace mission. CRPF’s motto is “Shaurya – Dridhata – Karm Nishtha”. Presently ITBP is headed by Director-General S.S.Deswal. Every year on 24th October ITBP celebrates its Rising Day.


This stands for CentralIndustrial Security Force. Their main aim is to guard important and sensitive buildings of the government like: Delhi metro, Airport security, atomic power plants, ports, currency note presses all this are guarded by them. It also under the control of Ministry of Home Affairs. CISF plays an important role in disaster management. CISF’s motto is “Protection and Security”. Presently it is headed by Director –General IPS Rajesh Ranjan. Initially men were recruited in CISF but from 1992 after Mrs. Asha  Sinha was recruited as the first ever women commandant in CAPF in India the things changed women not only got recruited but were also given greater roles in CAPF. Every year on 10 March the CISF Rising Day is celebrated.

Coast Guards

Indian Coast Guard works under Ministry of Defence. Their main motive is to enforce maritime law and jurisdiction over territorial water of India. They work in the close contact and cooperation of Indian Navy, Indian fisheries department, state and central police. Indian Coast Guard is divided into five regions. Currently the officer of Coast Guard in Indian Naval Academy in Ezhimala along with naval cadets. Presently headed by Director-General Krishnaswamy Natarajan, PTM, TM. Their motto is “We Protect”. Every year on 1st February Coast Guard day is celebrated.

Assam Rifles

It is one of the oldest paramilitary forces in India. It works under Ministry of Defence. Assam rifles and its previous units played a vital role in World War I, World War II. In times of war used as a combat forces to capture an area. They help in medical assistance, education in remote areas in time of urgencies. Their motto is “Sentinels of the North East”. As per the government policy of “One border one force” they are guarding the Indo-Myanmar barrier. Present director general of Assam Rifles is Lt Gen Sukhdeep Sangwan.


This stands for National Security Guard. It also comes under Ministry of Defence. It is counter-terror unit and Anti-hijacking forces. It was formed to fight terror activities in the nation. The NSG personnel are also known as “The Black Cats”. Their motto is “Omnipresent Omnipotent Security”. Presently it is headed by Director- General Anup Kumar Singh. It was formed in the year 1986. Through the years NSG has carried out many successful missions.

These are just a few forces that we have discussed there are many more which helps in maintaining the peace of the country. The point is lets become the people who are worth fighting for. So the next time you see a security person just give them a smile and say Thank You. JAI HIND.

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