Seasons are the division of a year which are usually marked by changes in our surroundings. These changes include changes in weather, ecology, and the amount of daylight. These seasons are a result of the rotation and the revolution of the earth. In total there are 6 seasons but not every region gets to experience them. Seasons in both the hemisphere is usually vice versa, for example, when its winter in the northern hemisphere it is summer in the southern hemisphere. Let’s have a look at each of these seasons individually.
Summer [Grishma Ritu]
Summer is the most warming time of the year. Usually, in the northern hemisphere, summer occurs in the period between summer solstice [June 21 or 22] and autumnal equinox [Septtember 22-23]. During summer the weather becomes hot, and many times can also lead to difficult situations such as drought. But summer can be a lot of fun since it’s all about exotic holidays, beaches, pool parties, and school breaks. During summer our body tends to eat less and drink more since the heatwaves lead to dehydration of the body.
Winter [Shishir Ritu]
Winter in the northern hemisphere starts around December and lasts up to March. The beginning of winter varies according to tradition, climate, and culture. During winters, the earth is titled away from the sun resulting in less amount of sun rays reaching the earth. In winter the climate is colder and the span of daytime decreases. Winter is really important for the ecosystem since it helps to regulate the temperature of the earth’s surface. Winter brings along beautiful weather, hot chocolate shakes, beautiful snowflakes, and most importantly Christmas!!!
Monsoon [Varsha Ritu]
Monsoon is usually related to the changes in the winds. The word monsoon has been derived from the Arabic word ‘ Mausim ‘ which means a shift in season or wind. During monsoon, the atmosphere is full of strong winds that keeps flowing from cold to warm regions. Indian ocean is the most dominant factor behind the occurrence of the monsoon season. Monsoon is extremely important from the agricultural point of view, but severe rainfall can lead to floods that have the potential to destroy farms. The entire year we keep gazing outside our windows to see the rain drip, this season, not only heals our environment but also us humans.
Autumn [Sharad Ritu]
Autumn is the season that comes in between winter and summer. During Autumn we experience a gradual decrease in the temperature, all the deciduous trees shed their leaves. In the US, autumn is also called as ‘Fall’. It is the period when the temperature transition occurs, from summer heat to winter colds. The best things about Autumn are the beautiful color change in the environment, the mild breezy weather, comfortable clothes, delicious food, bonfire, and the football season. According to research, people born in autumn tend to live a longer life.
Spring [Vasant Ritu]
Spring comes after winter and before summer, its when the climate begins to turn a bit warm. The spring season is related to the idea of rebirth, rejuvenation, resurrection, regrowth, and renewal. During spring, animals tend to give birth to their young ones and the trees are in their best shape. Spring is considered to be the best season due to its heart-warming weather and its wonderful scenic beauty. Spring brings families together, since various significant festivals are usually during the spring season. In Japan, the famous cherry blossom starts to bloom during spring.
Pre-Winter [Hemant Ritu]
The pre-winter season is the transition between autumn and winter. This seasonal transition is according to Indian standards, therefore not many countries consider as the pre-winter as an entirely distinct season. The months of November and December are the pre-winter months. Important Hindu festivals such as Bhai Dooj and Diwali come during this period. The pre-winter period ends on the solstice, it is the shortest day of the year. The average temperature during this season is 27°C.