Types Of Spices You Find In An Indian Household

Can you imagine bland food in your plate? Of course, no. India is well known for its cuisine, what makes the cuisine mouth-watering and tempting? Is the answer ‘ Spices’? Oh, yes it is spiced which makes the food delicious. Let’s have a look at the various spices.


Starting with the ‘Queen of Spices’, cardamom are of two types: Green and Black. It has a covering on the top and small seeds into it. Both the black and green are used in Indian cooking. This spice has a strong aroma and makes the cuisine taste better. As also known as Elaichi, we have special cardamom tea. It is used to garnish the deserts.


It has a rich history, and initially, it was being traded at the port in Sri Lanka. Clove has importance in cooking as well as it has also reserved someplace in medicinal uses. Having clove in mouth, when one has a toothache is the best remedy. The flavor it has is a sweet and spicy one and when added to the dal or curry, it has the best taste and soothing aroma.

Black pepper

The small round black balls of flavor. Remedy for throat infections. Somewhere it is used as a whole or sometimes the balls are crushed to make powder, and a pinch of it is enough to change the flavor of the dish. It helps to improve skin, also stimulates cancer. Stimulating digestion is also one of its characteristics, to cure a cold and cough a mixture of its powder with honey is recommendable.


The spice box is incomplete without cumin. The most mainstream spice, none of the Indian dishes are complete without cumin. Dal is prepared and later the tadka is added to it which also has cumin. Flat, brown seeds which are at the top of the list when it comes to adding flavor. Cumin is rich in iron, it may help a diabetes patient. It may help to prevent food-borne illness too.


It has similar flavor with cinnamon, and so they go hand in hand. It is dried and hard in appearance. As it has a nutty flavor, it is used in tea as well as in curries. Like others, it also has its medicinal importance as anti-inflammatory properties, also antibacterial properties. As it is hard in its natural form, generally it is used in powder form.

Mustard seeds

They have options in colors, like black, yellow, brown. They are very minute in appearance. It is used in tadka, a paste is made out of it, mustard oil is useful for pains in joints. When they are crushed and used it has some smoky flavor. Cures migraine, helps in cancer risk prevention, also helps in asthma.


This spice has a lot of benefits, lets’ begin with its uses in cooking; used in almost all types of cuisine around the world and is common seasoning spice. It is used in different forms as in its original form, paste, powder, sometimes it is chopped finely. It combats sickness, and active compounds in garlic help to reduce blood pressure, another characteristic is improved cholesterol levels.


Indian Saffron or yellow ginger, popularly known as. It has a bright color and is therefore identifiable. This also has importance in marriages, as Indian weddings have a ritual called ‘Haldi’ where the bride and groom are applied turmeric paste. A paste of it helps to make our skin glow and is the best remedy for tanning.


Small, pebble-shaped caramel colored seeds. It has a bittersweet taste. The powder made of it is used in pickles, dishes made of lentils. It has some benefits as it helps to reduce menstrual cramps, balance cholesterol also maintains the health of the liver and kidney. When added into cuisine it gives a taste as well as the aroma.


The most expensive spice in the world, and has the most unique and bright color. It is used in sweets to garnish, and also it is used in milk, Kesar ka Dudh is famous at some places. There are variations in saffron too, according to the place it is grown. It helps to cure a cold, solution to patchy baldness and delayed puberty.


Small, oval-shaped brown colored seeds resemble many other spices. They are used in natural form as well as in powder form. Carom seeds are highly nutritious and are full of vitamins and minerals. Traditionally it was treated as medicine to many disorders and even now in the 21st century some grandparents still believe in traditional medicines and not in the western one. It combats peptic ulcers and to cure cough, it is roasted and then tied in a knot, one should closely smell the knot to cure a cold and cough.


Hard seed, green and white with a sweet and pungent taste. It is very beneficial to health, fennel soaked in overnight and having its water early in the morning is good for the body as it acts as a cooling agent. Mixing sugar candy, fennel, sugar, tulsi leaves and grinding it into powder is best mouth freshener. It has some medicinal benefits as good for heart health, manages weight and digestion. It is a good source of vitamin C. Others:- Paprika, Coriander, Ginger, Bay leaf.

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