Tea is an aromatic beverage that is made by boiling tea leaves with hot water. After water, tea is the most consumed drink. There are many types of tea and most of them originated from China.
There are many flavours of tea that are appreciated around the world like grassy, minty, sweet, fruity, vegetal, etc. China and India are the largest suppliers of tea around the world. Here we represent the description of top 15 types of tea around the world.
Black tea was discovered in China. It is also called as a red tea due to the color of the oxidized leaves. Black tea is more oxidized than oolong, green, and white teas and comparatively has a stronger flavour. There are two varieties of species from which black tea is made. They are the small-leaved Chinese variety plant and large-leaved Assamese plant, which is traditionally mainly used for black tea.
This tea originates from China. It is made from Camellia sinensis leaves and buds which do not undergo the same withering and oxidation process as of oolong and black teas. There exist many types of green tea. It depends on the Camellia sinensis used, its growing condition, horticulture method, production process, and many other factors. Consumption of green tea on a regular bases helps to improve health.
Barley tea is available in East Asian countries like Koreas, China, Japan, and Taiwan. It is slightly bitter with toasty flavour. In Korea, it is served either hot or cold. In Japan, it is served cold as a popular summer refreshment. It is a roasted grain-based infusion made from barley. It helps to cure constipation, prevent tooth decay, improves male fertility and also helps to lose weight.
Chaga is actually a fungus or a mushroom that grows on a birch tree. This is a mushroom flavoured tea and one has to prepare it just by boiling the mushroom in water. It has a slightly bitter taste and the flavour might not appeal to everybody. It has longevity benefits.
This is a typical Indian style tea which is prepared by adding basil leaves, ginger, milk, and black pepper to the tea and also sugar for sweetening. The herbs present in Chai is beneficial for health. It is refreshing to the mind.
Matcha is a grounded powder of processed green tea leaves. There are two main aspects i.e. farming and processing. Here, the plant Camellia sinensis produced more theanine and caffeine during shaded-growth. During processing, its stems and veins are removed. This tea has a grassy and vegetal flavour.
Oolong is a semi-oxidized tea that originated in China. It is produced by withering the plant under strong sun and oxidation before curling and twisting. There are different types of Oolong tea and each one has different flavours. They can be sweet and fruity with honey aromas, or woody and thick with roasted aromas, or green and fresh with complex aromas. The flavour depends on the horticulture and style of production.
It is a tea made with chamomile flowers and hot water. Chamomile flowers are daisy-like flowers that belong to the Asteraceae family. There are two types of chamomile flower, and they are German chamomile and Roman chamomile. This tea has a flowery taste. It also helps in curing stomach aches.
This tea requires minimal processing Camellia sinensis plant. It is made from merely dried leaves or buds and immature tea leaves which are picked up shortly before the opening of the buds and then it is allowed to dry in the sun. It is harvested mainly in China but recently it is also grown in Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, Galle, and northeast India. It tastes floral and fruity and has a very little amount of caffeine.
It is a tisan that is made using the roots of the dandelion plant. These roots are roasted and then the tea is made out of it. Tea made with dandelion has a sweet and floral taste. Many people use this as a coffee substitute for its strong coffee flavour. It has many positive effects on the digestive system although much of the evidence is anecdotal.
Mint tea is made using mint leaves in hot water, when this is made with peppermint leaves it becomes peppermint tea. In Korea, this tea is called bakha-cha. This tea has curative effects due to the presence of essential oils in leaves. It relieves anxiety and stress.
The rooibos leaves are broom-like members of the plant family Fabaceae. Its other names are red tea or red bush tea. It has been popular in South Africa for ages. Nowadays it is popular worldwide. The taste of this tea is quite similar to hibiscus tea and has an earthy flavour. It is mostly prepared like black tea and sometimes milk and sugar are also added. One can also add honey or sliced lemon. It is also served as espresso, cappuccinos, lattes, or iced tea.
Yerba Mate Tea
This is a staple drink in South America made from the leaves of the species of Holly tree. It grows in the South American rainforest. Yerba mate was cultivated and used by Guarani people and some regions of southern Brazil. Yerba mate can be found in various energy drinks in the market as well as being sold as a bottled or canned iced tea.
This is a fermented tea that is quite similar to red wine and has a lot of live bacteria. It is a Chinese tea which tasted very bitter. It helps to improve health and sharp thinking. Pu’erh tea is widely sold. It promotes weight loss as it burns fats in the body.
It is made from the leaves and roots of stinging nettle. It is the best infusion for health. It can be boiled with raspberry leaves, lemon balm, peppermint, lemon peel, vervain, and alfa. Nettle tea has a herbaceous, rich earthy taste, and a sweet version of seaweed.