34 Amazing Types Of Doctors with Various Specializations

If an individual has a health issue, he or she may move to a doctor immediately. You might just name them “doctors”.

However, most doctors possess specialized knowledge in one type of medication or another. In fact, there have been about a hundred clinical specializations as well as sub-specializations.

 Types of doctors:

Here is a list of some common types of doctors you must know about.


They are professional doctors who have specializations in the treatment and identification of diseases like asthma,  autoimmune diseases, and inherited immunodeficiency diseases.

They also treat allergies regarding some medicine or food and concerning diseases and animal allergies. In addition, an allergist is also educated to identify the elements that cause these diseases.


A hematologist is a professional doctor in hematology for the analysis of blood, blood-forming tissues, as well as blood-related disorders (sickle cells).

Typical hematologists treat blood diseases as well as malignancies, including conditions like leukemia, lymphoma,  hemophilia, and sickle cell anemia.


Dermatologists are healthcare professionals mainly involved with the treatment of skin, hair, and nail disorders. Dermatologists address a wide range of skin conditions, including acne, skin cancer, and more than 3000 skin problems.

Apart from this, they may also offer you a range of therapies that range from simple acne medication to anti-aging care.


Andrologists are male counterparts to gynecologists. They are involved with assisting male patients with reproductive, urological, and sexual wellbeing that is unusual to them.

Ironically, unlike gynecology, which requires a significant amount of medical board credential programs around the world, andrology however has no criteria.


They are doctors experts who assess and manage cardiovascular disease, including the heart as well as blood vessels. They assist their patients to gain knowledge regarding their risk aspects for cardiac disease and decide what form of treatment or operation they will undergo.

A pediatric cardiologist is a specialist cardiologist that handles and detects heart complications in young kids.


An endocrinologist is a medical doctor expert in the field of internal medicine who studies the disorders that influence the endocrine system that releases and controls the hormonal levels in the human body. 

Reproductive Endocrinologist considers males and females with infertility problems. 


Anesthesiologists perform a crucial part in the treatment of pain. As their names indicate, anesthesiologists are doctors skilled in anesthesiology or perhaps the practice of applying anesthesia to patient populations during surgery.

During (most) surgery, anesthesia is provided either to lessen the pain or to bring it to sleep during surgery.


A neonatologist is a form pediatrician that focuses on the medical treatment of newborns, particularly those that are seriously ill, both premature as well as full-time.

Neonatologists also operate as particular pediatricians providing medical care to ICU-born infants who require intensive and immediate treatment.

Many neonatologists, especially those who are in academic settings, can supervise babies for years or sometimes months after release to better assess the long-duration effects of medical conditions in the early years of life.


As their initials indicate, gastroenterologists are doctors centered on diagnosing and treating gastrointestinal (digestive) tract disorders, including the uterus, small as well as large intestines, pancreas, or even liver.

Gastroenterologists also conduct a variety of methods in  ERCP, colonoscopy, endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasound as well as liver biopsy.


An otolaryngologist is a category of a physician specializing in the diagnosis and care of patients with various eyes, nose as well as throat problems.

In fact, they also treat disorders that damage associated structures such as the head as well as neck.

Otolaryngology specializes in different areas, including head and neck oncological surgery, facial plastic as well as facial reconstruction surgery.

They are specialized in rhinology, otology-neurotology,  as well as sinus surgery,  and pediatric otorhinolaryngology with sleep medication.


These are medical doctors who research and study the physiological mechanisms and roles of the human immune system.

This expertise is then used to detect as well as cure a variety of illnesses that influence the body.

Medical Examiner

The medical examiner is a government-appointed doctor specializing in forensic pathology and autopsy.

The medical examiner examines deaths as characterized by local legislation and regulations vital to public wellbeing and welfare.

Such medical examiners are analyzed autopsy records to determine the precise reason for death rather than normal causes, like sudden or accidental deaths.

Infectious Disease Specialist

An infectious disease specialist or a medical doctor handles and manages complex illnesses like HIV or TB. Infectious disease specialists may execute their facilities either in clinics or on an outpatient procedure.


A pediatrician is engaged in the monitoring of the emotional, as well as mental and behavioral well-being of young children.

Pediatricians concentrate on infants, children, adolescents as well as young adults (up to 21 years of age). Pediatricians who handle teenagers have often referred to themselves as experts in adolescent medicine specialists.

Maxillofacial surgeons

Maxillofacial surgeons are usually dentists who have been qualified to execute oral as well as jaw surgical procedures.

Maxillofacial surgeons excel in the diagnosis and rehabilitation of parts of the neck, face, or head,  after surgery or injury.

Surgery involves dentoalveolar surgeries, cosmetic surgery of the neck and head,  bone-fused dental implantation, and correction surgery of the jaw.


Health doctors excel in the training and handling of seriously ill ICU patients who are intensivists.

They may be experts in internal medication (often pulmonologists), ER physicians, pediatricians, anesthesiologists, or surgeons.

These are often recognized as emergency care physicians or intensive care professionals.


Although they also work with the detection and care of nervous system diseases like what neurologists would do, neurosurgeons are allowed to conduct surgery mostly on the head of the recipient.

There are many inter-branches of neurosurgery, notably: stereotactic neurosurgery, vascular neurosurgery, oncological neurosurgery, spinal neurosurgery,  baseline skull surgery, peripheral nerve surgery, as well as pediatric neurosurgery.

Medical Genetic

A clinical geneticist is educated in genetic diagnosis as well as general medicine, and in the cure of patients with genetic diseases.

Molecular genetics, biochemical tests, and cytogenetics are used to cure patients with a thorough molecular as well as clinical methodology.


A rheumatologist is an MD doctor who specializes in a clinical sub-specialty called rheumatology.

They work on the treatment and diagnosis of rheumatic conditions like back pain, capsulitis, bursitis/tendinitis, neck pain, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis.

They also treat immune-mediated disabilities (e.g. soft tissue rheumatism, connective tissue conditions,  and inflammatory diseases).


They are medical practitioners with experience in pulmonary (lung) and other respiratory disorders and illnesses.

Such healthcare professionals have a wide range of expertise as they can handle just about every illness from asthma to TB (tuberculosis).


Urologists are professional doctors who excel in the detection and care of diseases involving the female and males urinary tracts.

Urologists are also experienced in the care of prostate cancer cases and other disorders that influence reproductive wellbeing and fertility.

Nuclear Medicine Specialist

Nuclear medicine experts are qualified healthcare professionals who prescribe radioactive drugs for detecting and caring for different diseases.

They cure diseases that include lung perfusion scans, bone scans, including HIDA scans for the functioning of the gallbladder.

Common methods in nuclear medicine depending on medical situations involve neural perfusion as well as glucose metabolic visualization, blood pool image analysis, gastric emptying research, hepatobiliary image analysis, lymphoscintigraphy, parathyroid image analysis, pulmonary perfusion, etc.


Usually shortened to OB/GYN, the obstetrician or gynecologist is a mixture of two physicians that have been combined into one.

The obstetrician is a specialist qualified to treat conception, labor, and childbirth.

On either hand, a gynecologist is a doctor specializing in the reproductive organs of women.

Gynecologic oncologists are healthcare experts who examine and identify people that have tumors in their reproductive organs, like the uterus and ovaries.


Oncology is a research field that engages with cancer. thus, oncologists are clinical doctors who have expertise in cancer prevention, diagnosis, as well as treatment.

Medical oncologists (medications or chemotherapy), radiation oncologists (radionuclides or megavoltage X-rays), surgical oncologists (surgical treatment of many tumors) as well as pediatric oncologists (physicists specializing in children’s cancer) are various types of doctors within the oncologist career.

Homeopathic Doctor

Homeopathy acknowledges the body, mind, soul, as well as thoughts of the patient to administer herbal medicines that enhance the body’s own exclusive healing properties.

The homeopathic doctor is quite analogous to the traditional doctor that listens, explores, and identifies the patient’s symptoms as well as arranges unique medications customized to resolve the problems of the patient.


In contrast to optometrists, who are often eye specialist doctors, ophthalmologists can execute eye surgery. Moreover, since they can execute eye surgery, they are regarded as both medical as well as surgical experts.

Ophthalmologists treat numerous vision-related disorders like cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, dry eyes, uveitis, refractive surgery, vision cancers, and much more.

There have been sub-specialties of ophthalmology that specialize in eye disorders in specific.


The Perinatologists is a specialist doctor dealing with the treatment of the fetus and challenging, high-risk pregnancy. Perinatology is often regarded as maternal-fetal medication.

Perinatologists take extra care of pregnant mothers who seem to have chronic health problems such as coronary disease, diabetes, blood pressure (hypertension), or thrombophilia.

They will assist them with pregnancy-related risks like pre-eclampsia, twin/triplet pregnancy,  preterm labor,  and so on.


A radiologist is a healthcare practitioner specifically trained to detect and treat patients by analyzing test data from medical imaging methodologies.

Such technologies involve x-rays, positron emission tomography (PET), computed tomography (CT) scanning, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


Psychiatrists invest most of their period in giving medical care to patients with mental sickness. 

Such patients experience trouble controlling their feelings, impulses, or behaviors (from delirium to schizophrenia to depression to ADHD).

Psychiatrists offer care with a blend of both physical (medicine) as well as psychological (therapy) treatment options as well as social (social) forms of treatment.


A surgeon is a doctor qualified to conduct surgery that includes the care of fractures, removal of infectious areas of the body, and repair of lost or injured organs or tissues.

A thoracic Surgeon is skilled in surgery on the chest, heart, as well as lungs.

Vascular surgeons are medical doctors who excel in diagnostic, surgical treatment, and medical management of illnesses of the blood vessels i.e. vascular illnesses.


A periodontist is a certified doctor on the board who focuses on healthcare.

Also, periodontists can even diagnose as well as handle periodontal infection (gum disease) and thus are engaged in dental implant placement.

Naturopathic Doctor

The naturopathic doctor (ND) is very equivalent to Ayurveda and indeed the homeopathic doctor that concentrates on the holistic medicine system.

The naturopathic doctor aims to facilitate the body’s natural healing ability to restore balance.

Naturopathic doctors typically execute in personal clinics, hospitals, as well as other community health care centers.

NDs are responsible for all types of medical situations and can provide both personal as well as family healthcare services.

Naturopathic medication can be used for many common issues like allergies, chronic fatigue, digestive disorders, hormonal problems, respiratory problems, and plenty more.


A physiatrist is a clinical doctor who focuses on helping individuals recover from injuries, like stroke, as well as surgery.

Physiatrists direct a network of physical, occupational, therapeutic as well as voice therapists, nursing staff, psychiatrists (for counseling) as well as other support services in the care of such patients to help them recover more quickly.

Occupational Medicine Specialist

The occupational medication (OM) expert is a medical professional who has been educated in offering constant care for injuries sustained by working people as well as helping them get ready for work.

They also encourage institutions to establish a safe as well as a healthy working environment (Occupational Medicine).

OM physicians are working to ensure that the maximum guidelines of employment health, as well as safety, are met and maintained in the working environment.

OM professionals are also interested in other fields such as preventing disease (like flu), injuries as well as a disability in the working place.

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